About The Project
Rwanda’s sensitivity to climate change is assessed as being high while its adaptive capacity is low. In recent years Rwanda has witnessed a series of climate-related hazards such as floods, landslides, and droughts, that have left devastating effects particularly on those with low adaptive capacity and resilience to climate change.
The high dependency on rainfed agriculture, the hilly topography, low access to climate information, and the depletion of forest stocks have been identified as some of the factors exacerbating Rwanda’s vulnerability to such hazards. Data from the national survey on the assessment of climate change in Rwanda (2018) shows that in the Northern Province, Gicumbi District ranks highest in exposure to climate hazards and second-highest insensitivity to climate-related impact.
The two indicators give Gicumbi the highest rank for the potential impact caused by climate hazards.
The Gicumbi project aims at increasing the resilience of vulnerable communities to climate change. This will be achieved by restoring and enhancing ecosystem services of sub-catchment B of the Muvumba watershed, increasing the capacity of communities to renew and sustainably manage forest resources and supporting smallholders to adopt climate resilient agriculture.
The project will also invest in green settlements for vulnerable families currently living in high risk areas. The project has four main components:
Watershed protection and climate resilient agriculture;
Sustainable forest management and sustainable energy use;
Knowledge transfer and mainstreaming
The Gicumbi project targets nine sectors out of the 21 sectors in Gicumbi (Figure 1). The sectors covered by the project are Rubaya, Cyumba, Kaniga, Mukarange, Rushaki and Shangasha, Manyagiro, Byumba, and Bwisige.
According to the project proposal submitted by the Rwanda team around 248,907 people or 63% of the district’s population live in the targeted areas. The nine sectors fall within the sub-catchment B of the Muvumba river and comprise around 252 villages.
The high dependency of the local population in the targeted areas on agriculture as a source of food and income makes them highly vulnerable to the degradation processes occurring within the catchment. Particularly at risk are tea and coffee farmers as both crops are highly sensitive to climate change and adverse losses in productions are already evident.
The estimated annual loss of production from climate variability at the Mulindi tea plantation (2300 ha) in Gicumbi over the last six years ranges from 2.0 to 3.3 million tonnes of green leaf per year, with an equivalent market loss of 2.5 to 4.1 million dollars.