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Agricultural Growth, Poverty Reduction, and Food Security

Land consolidation is the reallocation of parcels with the aim the landowners to obtain larger parcels at one or more places in exchange of their former smaller and fragmented land plots. The word “land consolidation” comes from the Latin “commassatio” (grouping).
 Rwanda’s recent growth performance has been quite robust, with agricultural and overall GDP growth rates around 6 percent, resulting in GDP per capita growth rates of well above 2 percent between 2001 and 2005.
Because the post-genocide economic recovery was at its peak during this period, it is unlikely that the same pace of growth can be exceeded or even sustained over the medium to long run. Future growth trends for the sector under the status quo are therefore projected to 2015 and are based on the following assumptions: A stabilisation of long-term crop-yield growth rates around the observed averages during the period 2000–2005, except for the rice and fruit/vegetable sectors, where productivity growth is expected to slow from 13 percent and 20 percent, respectively, to 2.9 percent and 6 percent per year. An annual expansion rate of crop area of around 0.5 percent, leading to an overall increase in cropland by 100,000 ha to a total of 1.8 million over the projection period.

Author: 
Mukamwezi Dativa

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