The demand for electrical and electronic equipment (EEE) has increasing significantly in Rwanda due to the general economic growth and modernization. In addition, the demand for a variety of information communication technologies (ICT) tools such as end-user devices, network equipment, telecommunication devices, cooling-system devices, etc., is bolstered by the Rwandan national strategies that position ICT as the key enabler of the knowledge based economy. As such, there has been an enormous increase in ICT usage, which results in high consumption of EEE. With the continuing evolution of ICTs, people are eager to acquire newer technologies, which result in high demand for the latest electronic devices and a progressively decreasing usage period of these tools. Outdated EEE are becoming obsolete and being discarded as E-waste in large quantities and at increasing rates worldwide. Accordingly, the lack of clear framework for handling and treatment of E-waste has led to the accumulation of cast-off EEE in offices and warehouses. In most cases, E-waste is mixed with ordinary waste at homes and disposed of at regular landfills.The E-waste policy was developed to provide comprehensive guidance for the efficient and effective management of discarded EEE through appropriate legal and regulatory instruments, which promote green development and ensure a sustainable economic growth for the country. Therefore, the National E-waste Management Policy for Rwanda will control the end-of-life of EEE, resulting in the protection of human health, the conservation of the environment, the development of a business niche in the E-waste management and recycling industry, and
reation of employment for Rwandans.