Rwanda is a hilly country with 90% of the population dependent on agriculture for their livelihoods. Farm sizes average only about 0.6 ha, often fragmented amongst several parcels; many households manage as little as 0.4 ha. Population pressure compels for cultivation, while most of the hillside areas exceeds recommended slopes for cultivation most especially subjected to severe soil erosion and low productivity.
Feeder roads are very important to farming communities in rural areas as they provide access to transportation to farmers and enable them to acquire inputs for their business and to move their produces from farms sites to transformation and marketing centres.
Early 2015, the government of Rwanda introduced a flagship project to increase quality meat production for local and export markets. This project co-managed by the Ministry of Defence together with the Ministry of Agriculture and Animal Resources, is located in Gako Military reserve and a part of the military reserve stretching on 600ha of land, will be given to various investors and farmers who are committed to breed high meat production cattle.