As a developing country, Rwanda faces particular transport challenges impacting economic and social accessibility.
- High-density urban areas, contributing to congestion and emissions (7% increase per annum) with growing private vehicle use;
- High costs of transport (fuel), impacting commuter mobility and the costs of doing business;
- Mountainous terrain, necessitating complex infrastructure to transverse and ensure resilience against extreme weather events; and
- Land-locked geography, creating dependence on reliable connectivity with neighbours.